The term concentrates are a generally ambiguous term used to describe a wide variety of cannabis products produced via an extraction method. The number and variety of concentrated cannabis products has skyrocketed in the last few years, with tinctures, solvents, and oils helping to alleviate a wide variety of medical issues and chronic conditions.

Photo: Fruity Pebbles concentrate


Common types of cannabis oil include Butane Hash Oil (BHO), which is extracting using butane processing, CO2 oil, and what’s referred to as Rick Simpson Oil (RSO). The latter is named for Rick Simpson, a man who treated his skin cancer with cannabis soaked in naphtha or isopropyl alcohol for maximum utilization of the therapeutic aspects.

Cannabis oils can be used in cooking, homemade edibles, infused beverages, and more. While BHO and CO2 oils are typically used in vaporizers and vape pens, RSO can be applied orally or directly onto the skin.


A more refined version of cannabis oil, shatter is typically more potent and powerful, with some strains reaching 90% THC content. It’s also more stable and lasts longer than other types of extractions but shares a similar production process as wax without the whipping aspect. Once cooled, shatter hardens into a thin, solid cake that can be easily broken into smaller fragments. It can be consumed using an e-nail or on a heated pen.


Cannabis cartridges are designed for vape pens and typically contain higher levels of THC per volume compared to edibles or smoking. Depending on the type of cartridges, the THC content can range between 20-80%. Using a vaporizer or vape pen, the liquid cannabis oil is heated and inhaled as vapor.


Cannabis wax is processed cannabis with a flaky composition. The extraction process mimics that of oil extraction, but the aqueous characteristics come as a result of the substance being whipped and adding air during the purging process. Wax is easier to transport and carry than cartridges or oils and retains the flavorful aspects of cannabis better than vaping.